Various Food Options for Gout Patients

Various Food Options for Gout Patients

Patients with gout are advised to be more careful in choosing food. Well, there are several food choices for gout sufferers that can relieve gout symptoms and prevent it from coming back.

Gout is a disease that occurs when the level of uric acid in the blood rises beyond normal limits. This condition can make the joints swell and feel painful or hot.

To reduce uric acid levels in the body while preventing gout from relapse, you need to live a healthy lifestyle, especially by avoiding the consumption of foods that trigger gout or foods with high purine levels.

Causes of Gout

Purines are substances that are naturally produced by the body, but are also found in some foods. To break down purines, the body will naturally produce uric acid. This substance will then be excreted through urine and feces.

In people with gout, uric acid levels in the body will increase to exceed normal limits. This condition can occur when the body produces too much uric acid or if the body has difficulty getting rid of excess uric acid.

Excess uric acid over time can cause inflammation in the joints, causing joints and bones to feel painful, swollen, and hot. Uric acid that accumulates can also settle and form urinary tract stones or kidney stones.

Diet Guide for Gout Patients

If it is confirmed that you have gout, you should avoid certain types of foods that can trigger gout attacks, namely foods that contain lots of purines. The following are types of foods that need to be avoided and can be consumed by gout sufferers:

Foods to avoid

There are several types of foods that need to be avoided by gout sufferers, including:
  • Red meat, including beef, mutton, and duck
  • Various types of offal, such as liver, brain, kidney, and heart
  • Fish, such as sardines, tuna and tuna
  • Seafood, such as clams, crabs, and shrimp
  • Several types of vegetables, such as spinach, mushrooms, cauliflower, peas, string beans, and kidney beans
In addition to the various foods listed above, foods that contain simple carbohydrates or sugars, such as white bread, cakes, and biscuits, also need to be avoided. This is because these types of foods can increase uric acid levels.

You are also advised not to consume alcoholic beverages to prevent gout from recurring or getting worse.

Foods that can be consumed more

Although gout sufferers must limit the consumption of various types of food, it does not mean that their daily nutritional needs are not being met. The following are some types of foods that can be consumed to relieve the symptoms of gout and prevent it from recurring:
  • Fresh fruits, including oranges, melons, and apples
  • Vegetables, such as carrots and tomatoes
  • Food sources of complex carbohydrates, such as potatoes and brown rice
  • Low-fat, unsweetened milk, cheese or yogurt
To prevent the recurrence of gout, you are also recommended to drink enough water, at least 2 liters per day. In addition, you also need to adopt a healthy lifestyle by eating nutritious foods and exercising regularly or doing physical activity.

If uric acid still recurs or does not improve even though you have consumed food choices for gout sufferers, you should consult a doctor to determine the type of food and treatment that suits your condition.