Tracing the Causes of Decreased Breast Milk and How to Increase It

Tracing the Causes of Decreased Breast Milk and How to Increase It

There are several things that can cause reduced breast milk, ranging from the consumption of certain drugs to hormonal disorders. By understanding the causes of reduced milk production, you will find it easier to deal with problems that occur.


To overcome the problem of breast milk that cannot come out or its production is reduced, some breastfeeding mothers often choose formula milk as a solution. However, formula milk cannot completely replace breast milk, especially in terms of nutrition.

Breast milk contains a variety of important nutrients and one of them is an antibody substance that can increase the baby's immune system. In addition, breast milk is also easier to digest when compared to formula milk.

Signs of reduced breast milk

You can see or feel a decrease in the amount of breast milk from the following signs:
  • Breasts are not as dense as usual
  • Breast milk doesn't seep into clothes
  • The amount of milk that comes out when expressing breast milk decreases
  • Babies still look hungry when breastfed
  • Baby's weight doesn't increase or it decreases
In some cases, the various things above are not necessarily signs of a decrease in breast milk production, but are influenced by certain health conditions or disorders.

Various Causes of Decreased Breast Milk

The following are some things or conditions that can cause reduced breast milk:
  • Inappropriate breastfeeding technique, for example an error in the attachment of the baby's mouth to the nipple
  • Too long delay to start breastfeeding
  • Side effects of certain medications, such as cold medications or hormonal birth control
  • Rarely breastfeeding after giving birth
  • Certain conditions or diseases, such as diabetes, anemia, malnutrition, and hormonal disorders, such as hypothyroidism
  • History of breast surgery
  • Babies born prematurely or with tongue-tie
  • Postpartum bleeding
  • Psychological disorders, such as severe stress and postpartum depression
Lack of milk intake in infants can make it difficult to gain weight. This will certainly affect the growth and development of the baby. Babies who get enough breast milk will generally appear active, healthy, and gain normal weight for their age.

If your little one looks weak, doesn't want to breastfeed, and doesn't gain weight, you are advised to consult a pediatrician.

How to Increase Breast Milk Production

If you feel your milk production is low or reduced, try not to panic too much. There are several ways you can do to increase milk production, either independently or with the help of medical personnel.

The following are ways to increase milk production that you can try:
  • Breastfeed your baby shortly after giving birth and avoid delaying breastfeeding.
  • Give breast milk to your little one at least every 2-3 hours or 8-12 times a day.
  • Make sure your baby's mouth is perfectly attached to the nipple when breastfeeding.
  • Avoid using pacifiers or pacifiers.
  • Pump breast milk regularly and store breast milk in the refrigerator.
  • Avoid consuming alcoholic beverages and smoking after giving birth.
  • Try the kangaroo method when breastfeeding your little one.
In addition to some of the ways above, you can also try using supplements or drugs to increase breast milk production. However, before using it, you need to consult a doctor first.

After understanding the cause of reduced breast milk, you can find ways to make milk production run smoothly again. Don't hesitate to go to the doctor if you have problems breastfeeding. This is very important to ensure the baby can get the optimal benefits of breast milk as needed.