Factors that Cause a Thin Body and Healthy Tips to Overcome It

Factors that Cause a Thin Body and Healthy Tips to Overcome It

The causes of a thin body are very diverse, ranging from genetic factors to psychological problems. A body that is too thin not only has an impact on physical appearance, but is also prone to various diseases. To overcome this, know healthy tips to achieve the ideal body weight.

A person can be said to have an ideal body weight if they have a body mass index (BMI) between 18.5-25. If your BMI is below 18.4, you are said to be underweight or underweight. So, what causes a thin body and how to overcome it?

Some Possible Causes of Thin Body

There are various reasons why someone can have a thin body, including:

Genetic or hereditary factors

If you were born thin or have family members who are skinny, the possible cause of your thin body is heredity or genetics.

In addition, some people are born with a higher metabolic rate and have a small appetite. It can also make a person have a thin body.

High physical activity

Too much exercise or physical activity that is too strenuous can also affect weight. This is because the body will burn more calories to produce energy when you do the sport or physical activity.

Certain medical conditions

Several conditions, such as hyperthyroidism, indigestion, HIV/AIDS, diabetes, to cancer, can lead to weight loss and lead to underweight.

Extreme diets can also be the cause of a thin body due to a lack of nutritional intake for the body.

Drug side effects

Some types of drugs, whether over-the-counter or prescription drugs, can cause side effects of nausea and decreased appetite. One type of treatment that often causes thin body is chemotherapy to treat cancer.

Psychological problems

Mental health can also be a factor in being underweight. Some psychiatric problems, such as severe stress, depression, and eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia, can affect your eating habits and your appetite. This ultimately results in weight loss.

Health Risks Due to a Thin Body

The following are health problems that can happen to a person if he has a thin body:


The body needs a lot of nutrients for its organs to function properly. If you are malnourished, there will be many organs whose function is disturbed. Deficiencies of certain nutrients can give rise to different health problems.

For example, if you have a calcium deficiency, the condition can cause you to develop osteoporosis. In contrast, if you lack iron, a lack of this nutrient can lead to anemia.

Impaired growth

Not only adults, children can also have a thin body. If left untreated, this can cause the child to become malnourished.

This condition can occur if the child's weight does not go up. In fact, children really need a lot of nutrients to grow and develop. Therefore, when he does not get enough nutrition, his growth can be stunted.

Weak immune system

The immune system cannot work optimally if you are under normal weight. As a result, you are susceptible to diseases caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites.

Fertility disorders

In women, having a thin body can result in irregular menstrual cycles or irregular menstruation. In men, a body that is too thin to be malnourished can cause unhealthy sperm. Both of these things can cause men and women who are too skinny to have difficulty getting offspring.

In addition to the various health problems above, there are many other conditions that can affect you if you are underweight, including hair loss, dry skin, and problems with your gums or teeth.

Healthy Tips to Gain Weight

The best way to deal with a thin body is to find out the cause first. If you have a body that is too thin and do not know what causes it, it is recommended that you consult a doctor for a health check.

Once the cause is known, the doctor will address the cause of why you are underweight and recommend a weight gain program.

However, that does not mean you can eat any food with large portions. To gain weight in a safe way, you can take steps to a healthy diet by meeting the calorie and nutritional needs of your body.

The following are some food choices that you can consume to gain weight:

High calorie food

Fruits, vegetables, whole wheat bread, nuts, and cheese are some types of food that can be a good source of calories. Not only that, fruits and vegetables are also rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that are good for the health of the body.

Foods with protein, carbohydrates, and healthy fats

Types of food consisting of meat, fish, eggs, brown rice, and fruits and vegetables can provide a variety of the above nutrients for the body. In cooking, use oils with unsaturated fats, such as canola or sunflower seed oil.


Choosing healthy snacks that contain protein and healthy carbohydrates can also reduce weight. Avoid snacks that are too savory or contain a lot of msg, such as potato chips or fast food.

Sufficient fluid needs

To meet the body's fluid needs and prevent dehydration, you need to drink at least 6-8 glasses of water per day. Avoid drinking before eating which can cause a feeling of fullness.

In addition to paying attention to food intake, you also need to join efforts to gain weight by exercising. It is recommended to choose sports that can convert calories into muscle mass, such as lifting weights or yoga. You can do exercise about 2ꟷ4 times a week.

It is undeniable, the ideal body weight is indeed one of the measurements of a healthy body. Therefore, if you have a thin body, you should consult a nutritionist for treatment. With a proportional body, not only health will be obtained, but also a more attractive appearance