7 Benefits of Mushrooms for Health and the Nutrient Content in It

7 Benefits of Mushrooms for Health and the Nutrient Content in It

You can get the benefits of mushrooms for health when processed properly and consumed regularly. Various nutritional content in mushrooms is believed to maintain heart health to increase endurance.

Not a few people think of mushrooms as vegetables. In fact, mushrooms are not included in the group of plants, so they cannot be called vegetables.

However, mushrooms are often mixed into various types of vegetables such as soups, to add a savory taste to dishes. In addition, mushrooms are also low in calories and high in fiber, so they are good for those of you who are on a diet program.

There are several types of mushrooms that are commonly consumed, namely button mushrooms, shiitake, enoki, and oyster mushrooms. Besides being delicious, research reveals that the benefits of mushrooms for health are very diverse. This is because mushrooms are rich in nutrients needed by the body.

Mushroom Nutrient Content

The nutritional content of mushrooms depends on the type. However, in general, mushrooms are low in fat and cholesterol and contain protein, vitamins, minerals, and fiber.

In 100 grams of shiitake mushrooms, contains the following nutrients:
  • 2.4 grams of protein
  • 14 milligrams of magnesium
  • 243 milligrams of potassium
  • 0.2 milligrams of vitamin B6
  • 32 micrograms of folate
  • 76 milligrams phosphorus
In addition, mushrooms contain antioxidants, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antidiabetic.

Some Benefits of Mushrooms for Health

Thanks to its abundant nutritional content, there are various benefits of mushrooms that you can feel if you consume them regularly, including:

1. Prevent cancer

Mushrooms contain high antioxidants, which act as body protectors in warding off cancer-causing free radicals. In addition to antioxidants, the beta glucan content in mushrooms can also prevent cancer, such as colon cancer and cervical cancer.

2. Maintain heart health

In addition to preventing cancer, the content of antioxidants and beta glucan in mushrooms can also prevent heart disease. Mushrooms are also rich in B vitamins, which play an important role in maintaining a healthy heart.

3. Boost immunity

The content of beta glucan in mushrooms is also good for boosting immunity. In addition, mushrooms are also a good source of prebiotics for the digestive tract and inhibit the growth of disease-causing pathogens.

4. Lowering cholesterol levels in the blood

The beta glucan in mushrooms is a good source of soluble fiber. Research shows that beta glucan can lower bad cholesterol levels in the blood, even in small amounts.

In addition, the potassium in mushrooms is known to lower bad cholesterol (LDL) levels in the blood.

5. Maintain healthy muscles and nerves

Potassium contained in mushrooms also plays a role in helping muscles and nerves work. In addition, mushrooms also contain copper which plays an important role in maintaining healthy nerves.

6. Maintain bone health

Some types of mushrooms are cultivated using UV light to increase the vitamin D content in them. Vitamin D itself is a nutrient that is very important in maintaining bone health.

7. Lower the risk of diabetes

Due to the high fiber content, mushrooms can be beneficial in reducing the risk of developing diabetes. In addition, mushrooms can also help you control and lose weight.

In addition to some of the benefits of mushrooms above, foods that are often processed in vegetarian dishes can also improve brain function, lower high blood pressure, and maintain a healthy digestive system.

Things to Pay Attention to Before Eating Mushrooms

 Several types of mushrooms are known to have toxic effects on humans. In order to prevent mushroom poisoning, you are advised to process mushrooms properly before consuming them. You can process it by roasting, boiling, or sautéing to remove toxins in the mushrooms.

In addition, avoid consuming wild mushrooms, because they have the potential to be toxic. There are several side effects that can occur if you consume wild mushrooms, including:
  • Nausea
  • Gag
  • Dizzy
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps
Toxins in wild mushrooms can also affect the nervous system, kidneys, and liver, and are carcinogenic. Therefore, it is best to eat mushrooms sold by trusted manufacturers, as they are grown on specialized farms. If you choose packaged mushrooms, make sure the product has a permit from BPOM.

The benefits of mushrooms are not small. However, you are advised not to consume it if you have an allergy to mold. If you experience the above symptoms after consuming mushrooms, immediately consult a doctor for treatment.