14 Signs Your Body Is Undernourished

14 Signs Your Body Is Undernourished

Malnutrition is a serious health disorder that occurs when the body does not receive adequate nutrition. In fact, nutrients are needed by the body to be able to carry out its functions properly.

Malnutrition can occur because the body is malnourished for a long time. Signs of a body experiencing malnutrition in the early stages are not very clear, so many people do not realize that their body is starting to become malnourished. Let's take a look at the signs of a malnourished body. Don't let your nutritional deficiencies lead to health problems.

Signs of a Malnourished Body

When the body is malnourished, there are several signs that can appear, namely:
  • Weight loss.
  • Tired easily.
  • Concentration decreased.
  • Gums and mouth are often sore or painful.
  • Dry skin and hair.
  • Fat and muscle tissue in the body is reduced.
  • Sunken cheeks and eyes.
  • Swelling in certain parts of the body, such as in the abdomen, face or legs.
  • It is easy to get infections due to a weakened immune system.
  • The wound healing process is slow.
  • It's easy to get cold.
  • Changes in mood or mood.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • It is easy to fall because the muscles are weak.

What are the Causes of Malnutrition in the Body?

Malnutrition can occur when you don't eat a healthy diet. In addition, nutritional deficiencies can also be caused by health conditions that make the body unable to absorb nutrients from food properly, or make you have no appetite.

There are also several other things that can cause the body to be malnourished, namely:
  • Following a diet that is too strict, because it can make you lack calories and various important nutrients.
  • Have eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa and bulimia.
  • Suffering from a disease that interferes with appetite, such as liver disease, HIV/AIDS, or cancer.
  • Have conditions that make it difficult for the body to digest or absorb nutrients, such as inflammatory bowel disease and intestinal worms.
  • Suffering from dysphagia or difficulty swallowing.
  • Suffering from mental health disorders, such as depression and schizophrenia.
  • Consuming alcoholic beverages in large quantities and too often, because it can interfere with the digestive process and absorption of nutrients in the body.
  • Undergoing medications that reduce appetite, such as chemotherapy, taking blood pressure medications, or thyroid medications.
  • Economic problems, lack of knowledge about nutrition, or living in an area that lacks food.
If your body already looks very thin, it's a good idea to try fattening or gaining weight by improving your diet or getting supplements from your doctor.

To avoid nutritional deficiencies, you are advised to eat a balanced diet every day. These foods consist of vegetables and fruit, milk and their processed products, as well as food sources of carbohydrates (rice, potatoes, bread, cereals or pasta), healthy fats, and proteins (meat, eggs, fish, or nuts).

Malnutrition can be experienced by anyone, ranging from children, adults, to the elderly. To find out whether your body is malnourished or not, you can consult a nutritionist. The doctor will calculate your body mass index and perform other necessary tests to determine your nutritional status. After that, the doctor will give you a healthy diet, according to your condition.