Body Changes During Pregnancy

UMMATIMES - As the pregnancy progresses, the body begins to make many changes and adjustments to help the baby grow. Some body changes are not felt or seen by pregnant women. Some body changes are quite disturbing for pregnant women and some changes are not annoying.

Changes in the body that occur during pregnancy are normal and can actually be overcome if they interfere. For more details, read in the following article "Overcoming Complaints That Occur During Pregnancy". Other articles: Early Signs of Pregnancy

Some of the body changes that occur during pregnancy

Pain in the stomach

Lower abdominal pain is common in pregnancy, especially in the second trimester. This pain has many causes, but the most common is pain in the circumferential ligament, which is the muscle that holds the uterus upright. As the uterus grows bigger, the more stretched the circular ligaments, the more susceptible it is to tension. As a result, the pain is often felt even more so when pregnant women move.

Changes in Breast

Early in pregnancy, breast tenderness, nipple sensitivity and increased breast size occur as normal body adjustments. In early pregnancy, the breasts do not change significantly until the beginning of the third trimester, when the mammary glands become active. By the seventh month, the breasts produce a small amount of colostrum, a yellowish liquid that is meaningful nourishment for babies in early life. Changes in the color of the nipples that become darker also occur during pregnancy.

Out of breath

Shortness of breath is common during pregnancy because the growing uterus takes up a lot of space, limiting the movement of the diaphragm. In addition, changes in hormonal balance in the body during pregnancy also cause this.

Circulatory Changes

Changes in circulation during pregnancy, especially noticeable in the legs. The blood vessels will be more depressed as the content gets bigger, especially the blood vessels that drain back from the legs. This pressure slows blood circulation in the legs, and standing or sitting for long periods of time makes this worse. Impaired blood circulation causes fatigue in the legs. This usually causes the feet to become swollen, especially in the ankles and soles of the feet, especially if they have been standing for a long time. Likewise, the blood vessels on the surface of the feet can bulge, and this condition is usually known as varicose veins.


Constipation or difficulty defecating is common in pregnant women. Many causes this to happen, such as iron and vitamin deficiency, not drinking enough water during pregnancy, uterine pressure on the small intestine and lack of exercise can cause this.

Hair Change

Pregnant women hair can change in unexpected ways during pregnancy. Many pregnant women do not notice that their hair has changed during pregnancy. Changes in hair usually occur in the form of increasingly difficult hair to style and comb or that it becomes more tangled when combed. In some cases, the hair and eyebrows are thinning. These changes are temporary, when the pregnancy is over, the hair will return to normal condition.


Headaches are also common in pregnant women. Some headaches experienced by pregnant women are sinus type, caused by increased blood flow and swelling of the nose which can also increase into nasal obstruction. Apart from that, fatigue and hormonal factors can also cause this headache.

Nosebleeds and Bleeding Gums

Blood circulation to the nose and gums increases during pregnancy. This increase is caused by hormonal changes that occur. This increase in blood circulation can make pregnant women experience nosebleeds or bleeding gums.

Skin Changes

A number of skin changes can be observed in pregnancy. Darker discoloration occurs in several parts of the body. this is caused by an increase in certain hormones that increase skin pigment. In addition, pregnant women often experience a streak that extends in the middle of the stomach starting from the pubic area to the navel. The skin will tend to be oilier, which sometimes gets worse, leading to more pimples. Itching can also occur, the presence of red patches on the arms, chest and face. In changes to the skin there is also what is called a "pregnancy mask", which is a reddish or brownish skin color on the top of the nose or under the eyes.

Urinary Problems

Going to the bathroom multiple times is definitely a part of pregnancy. The cause is pressure on the uterus against the bladder, which limits the bladder's ability to fill with urine. This pressure is particularly pronounced in the first trimester when the uterus grows fully within the pelvis, and in the third trimester, when the uterus is large enough. This causes pregnant women to experience frequent urination.